The Juno Awards (stylized as JUNOS), or simply known as the Junos, are awards presented by the Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences to recognize outstanding achievements in the music industry. They were originally called the Gold Leaf Awards, and the trophy resembled a metronome. Alongside the Canadian Screen Awards, they are considered one of the main annual Canadian entertainment award shows. The first Juno Awards ceremony was held on February 23, 1970 to honor the musical accomplishments of performers for the year 1969. New members of the Canadian Music Hall of Fame are also inducted as part of the awards ceremonies.
|The Juno Awards|
|Current: Juno Awards of 2023|
|Awarded for||Outstanding achievements in the music industry|
|Presented by||The Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences|
|First awarded||23 February 1970Gold Leaf Awards)(as|
|Network||CBC (1975–1981, 1983–1987, 1989–2001, 2021–present)
The Juno Awards are named in honour of Pierre Juneau, the first president of the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) and former president of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). The Juno Awards are the Canadian equivalent of the Grammy Awards.
In 1964 RPM magazine began polling its readers to determine which artists and groups they considered the best in Canada. RPM announced the results of these polls each December. There were no formal award ceremonies.
Record label owner Stan Klees met with RPM founder Walt Grealis to plan a formal music industry awards ceremony. Instead of merely publishing the award results in RPM, presentations would be made at a physical venue. The first ceremony was the Gold Leaf Awards which took place on 23 February 1970 in Toronto, Ontario.
Later that year RPM invited its readers to suggest a new name for these awards. The name "Juneau" was submitted, in honour of Pierre Juneau, the first head of the CRTC. Juneau was instrumental in establishing Canadian content regulations for broadcasters to promote Canadian musicians. That name became shortened to Juno and by 1971, the awards ceremonies were referred to as the "Juno Awards".
From 1970 to 1973, RPM announced the winners before the awards night. From 1974, the award winners were not made public until the Juno ceremonies. Music industry representatives formed an advisory committee for the Junos in 1974 which became the Canadian Music Awards Association the following year. This organisation assumed full management and operation of the Juno Awards from 1977 and became the Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences (CARAS).
The Junos were first televised across Canada in 1975 on CBC Television. Primary ceremonies continued to be broadcast on CBC until 2001, moving to CTV Television Network (CTV) in 2002. CBC broadcast the Juno Awards of 2018.
The Canadian Music Hall of Fame was introduced in 1978. In 1979 the stauette's name was officially changed from RPM Annual Gold Leaf Award to Juno Award, and Canada's Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau was a presenter.
Joni Mitchell was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame by Pierre Trudeau in 1982.
Initially, the awards were presented during the early part of each year. In 1984, organisers postponed that year's awards until December. CARAS maintained a late-year scheduling until January 1988 when it noted the declining viewership of the Juno broadcasts and reverted to an early year awards schedule. CARAS postponed that year's Juno Awards until 12 March 1989, so there was no ceremony in the 1988 calendar year.
In 1991, the awards were hosted in Vancouver, the first time the Juno ceremonies were conducted outside Toronto. That year also marked the introduction of a category for rap recordings.
For the first time the 1995 Awards, held in Hamilton's Copps Coliseum, were open to the public. This marked the 25th anniversary of the Junos.
In 1996 the four-CD, 77-song box set Oh What a Feeling: A Vital Collection of Canadian Music and a book were released to mark the 25th anniversary of the Juno Awards. The box set featured popular songs by Canadian artists from the 1960s to 1990s sold over one million copies and was certified diamond. In 2001, a second four-CD box set was released to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the awards. In 2006, a third box set was released to celebrate the 35th anniversary which was certified platinum in Canada.
CARAS transferred the broadcast rights to the Juno Awards from CBC to CTV for the 2002 ceremonies. 2006 marked the first time the Junos were broadcast internationally through MTV2 in the United States and several affiliated MTV channels in other nations. The telecast of the 2006 Juno Awards was available to approximately 250 million people.
The Allan Waters Humanitarian Award honouring media icon Allan Waters was inaugurated in 2006. The first artist to be given this honour was Bruce Cockburn.
At the 2007 ceremony, host Nelly Furtado made Juno history by being the first nominee with multiple nominations to win every award for which she was nominated. These included the two most prestigious honours, Album of the Year and Artist of the Year.
On 18 April 2017, CARAS president Allan Reid announced that the ceremonies would return to CBC for the first time since 2002, for at least the next six years. He said he wanted to collaborate with the CBC to bolster a year-round presence for the Juno Awards as a platform for promoting Canadian music.
The 2020 event was canceled because of the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada, but later replaced by an online ceremony on June 29.
Specific award categories and their descriptions vary from year to year reflecting changes and developments in the music industry. In 1964 there were 16 categories, and in 2017 there were 42. Judging panels change each year. They include people from different areas of the music industry and regions of the country. An advisory committee oversees each category to ensure that all the submissions meet the required criteria.
The nominations for each year's Junos are based on an eligibility period which lasts for 13 to 14 months, ending on the mid-November prior to the awards ceremony. For example, the eligibility period of the 2010 Juno Awards was from 1 September 2008 to 13 November 2009. Musicians or their representatives submit music released during the eligibility period to CARAS, designated for the appropriate nomination categories. Nominations other than for the International Album of the Year may only be awarded to Canadians who have lived in Canada during the last six months of the eligibility period, and are deemed Canadian by birth, passport or immigration status.
Following the close of the eligibility period, CARAS conducts an initial vote by its members to establish the list of nominees in most categories. Sales figures determined the nominees for Album of the Year and International Album of the Year. Sales along with a jury vote determine the New Artist of the Year, New Group of the Year, Rock Album of the Year and Pop Album of the Year. Sales and a CARAS member vote determine the nominations for Artist of the Year and Group of the Year.
After the nominees list is published, another voting round is conducted to determine the winners of most categories. Voting for the Juno Fan Choice Award is open to the public, while voting on general categories is limited to CARAS members. Winners in genre-specific or specialty categories are determined by specially appointed CARAS juries. As of 2010, ballots are audited by the major accounting company PricewaterhouseCoopers.
Stan Klees developed the first Juno trophies for the inaugural presentations in 1970. These were constructed from walnut wood, stood 18 inches (46 cm) tall and resembled a metronome. When CBC televised the ceremonies in 1975, the award was constructed from acrylic instead of wood while retaining a metronome shape. The trophy was given minor modifications in succeeding years. These included a reduction in size for ease of handling, and changes to the inlay design such as a special 1996 emblem to signify the 25th anniversary.
In 2000 following criticism from producers that the existing award trophy did not have an attractive television appearance, CARAS commissioned a redesigned award from Stoney Creek, Ontario, artist Shirley Elford. After reviewing three designs, two of which were patterned after the existing trophy, a new trophy design was selected featuring a glass human figure surrounded by a nickel-coated spiral symbolic of a musical staff on an aluminum base. A few display statuettes were circulated for presentation during the ceremonies. Within months, winners received their personalized and individually made trophies from Elford.
In October 2010, CARAS unveiled a new award design to be used from 2011 on. Elford had developed cancer and was no longer able to produce individual Juno trophies. The new design, manufactured by Crystal Sensations of Markham, ON, featured a solid crystal tower containing a subsurface laser engraving depicting a spiral-wrapped human figure resembling the previous statuette. Elford died in November 2011.
The Juno Awards events were not conducted outside Toronto until 1991. Since then, the ceremonies have been hosted throughout Canada, reaching both coasts. The provinces of New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Territories, have yet to play host to the Junos. In recent years, the various locations often host a number of supporting events and festivals surrounding the awards.
Beginning in 1975 when the CBC began to televise the Junos live performances were featured throughout the show. The Canadian Music Hall of Fame was introduced in 1978. These are the performers who appeared during the show and those who were inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of fame.
|Juno Awards Performances/Canadian Music Hall of Fame Inductee(s)|
|1975||24 March||Paul Anka, Susan Jacks, Andy Kim, Diane King, Anne Murray, The Stampeders|
|1976||15 March||Caroll Baker, Dan Hill, Valdy|
|1977||16 March||Caroll Baker, Keith Barrie, André Gagnon, Patsy Gallant, Lavender Hill Mob, Colleen Peterson/ Al Cherney, THP Orchestra, Ian Tyson|
|1978||29 March||Burton Cummings, Lisa Dal Bello, Patsy Gallant, The Good Brothers, Dan Hill, Robbie and Cheryl Ray, Rush, Grant Smith, Oscar Peterson, Guy Lombardo|
|1979||21 March||Claudja Barry, Chilliwack, Burton Cummings, Nick Gilder, Ginette Reno/Boss Brass, Touloise, Gino Vannelli, Ronnie Prophet/Myrna Lorrie/Mercey Brothers/Roxanne Goday|
|1980||2 April||Caroll Baker, Burton Cummings, France Jolie, Gordon Lightfoot, Frank Mills, Murray McLauchlan, Carole Pope, Rough Trade, Max Webster|
|1981||5 February||Caroll Baker, Patrice Black, John Candy, Ronnie Hawkins, Andrea Martin, Frank Mills, Powder Blues Band, Ginette Reno, Graham Shaw, Diane Tell, Shari Ulrich|
|1982||14 April||Liona Boyd, Chilliwack, Burton Cummings, B. B. Gabor, Ronnie Hawkins, Rough Trade, Rovers|
|1983||5 April||Claude Dubois, Family Brown, Gordon Lightfoot, Loverboy, The Nylons, David Roberts, The Spoons|
|1984||5 December||The Parachute Club, Honeymoon Suite, Jane Siberry, Bob Schneider, Platinum Blonde, Rob McConnell and the Boss Brass, Sherry Kean, Diane Tell, Véronique Béliveau|
|1985||4 November||David Foster, Bryan Adams, Tina Turner, k.d. lang, Lube, Canadian Brass, Kim Mitchell, Liberty Silver|
|1986||10 November||Corey Hart, Luba, Honeymoon Suite, Glass Tiger, Gordon Lightfoot, Kim Mitchell, Martine St. Clair, Liberty Silver, Glen Ricketts, Billy Newton-Davis, Kenny Hamilton, Erroll Starr|
|1987||2 November||Gino Vannelli, The Nylons, Rock and Hyde, Lube, Gowan, Celine Dion, The Partland Brothers, Erroll Starr, Kim Richardson|
|1989||12 March||Tom Cochrane and Red Rider, Crowded House, Glass Tiger, Jeff Healey Band, Colin James, k.d lang and the Reclines, Rita MacNeil, The Band, Blue Rodeo|
|1990||18 March||Cowboy Junkies with special guest Lyle Lovett, Jeff Healey Band (with special guests), Maestro Fresh-Wes, Kim Mitchell, Alannah Myles, Rod Stewart, Milli Vanilli|
|1991||3 March||Alias, Blue Rodeo, Celine Dion, MC Hammer, Colin James, The Northern Pikes, Michelle Wright, Prairie Oyster, Leonard Cohen tribute featuring Aaron Neville, Suzanne Vega and Jennifer Warnes|
|1992||29 March||Bryan Adams, Tom Cochrane, Crash Test Dummies, George Fox, Ofra Harnoy, Loreena McKennitt, Sarah McLachlan, Ian & Sylvia Tyson tribute featuring Blue Rodeo, Molly Johnson, Kashtin, Andy Maize, Neil Osborne, Jane Siberry|
|1993||21 March||Barenaked Ladies, Leonard Cohen, Celine Dion, Kaleefah, Rita MacNeil, Michelle Wright, One Smokin’ Hot All-Star Jazz Band Star-Studded Tribute to Anne Murray, The Tragically Hip (taped performance from Australia)|
|1994||20 March||Blue Rodeo, Celine Dion, Kanatan Aski, James Keelaghan, Colin Linden, Lawrence Martin, The Rankin Family, Snow, Roch Voisine|
|1995||26 March||Barenaked Ladies, Crash Test Dummies, Celine Dion, David Foster, Charlie Major, Sarah McLauchlan, Moist, Prairie Oyster, Ashley MacIsaac, Colin James and The Little Big Band, Quartette Hall of Fame tribute to Buffy Sainte-Marie|
|1996||10 March||k.d. Lang, Alanis Morissette, Our Lady Peace, Jann Arden, The Rankin Family, Anne Murray, Gordon Lightfoot, Tom Cochrane|
|1997||9 March||Paul Brandt, Terri Clark, Celine Dion, Maynard Ferguson, Taro Hakase, I Mother Earth, Moe Koffman, Amanda Marshall, Ashley MacIsaac, Rob McConnell and the Boss Brass, Moist|
|1998||22 March||Jann Arden, Denna Crott Trio, Econoline Crush, Diana Krall, Leahy, Sarah McLachlan, Ron Sexsmith, Shania Twain|
|1999||7 March||Barenaked Ladies (via satellite from Australia); Jesse Cook with Bill Katsioutas; Arturo Avalos, Maury Lafoy and Davide Direnzo; Deborah Cox, Celine Dion featuring Hamilton Children's Choir; Colin James and the Little Big Band; Love Inc. featuring Deborah Cox; Natalie McMaster, The Moffatts, Bruno Pelletier, The Philosopher Kings, Rascalz featuring Choclair, Kardinal Offishal, Thrust, Checkmate, Sloan|
|2000||12 March||Barenaked Ladies, Choclair, Our Lady Peace, Great Big Sea, Diana Krall, Chantal Kreviazuk, Amanda Marshall, Prozzäk, Sharon Riley & Faith Chorale, The Moffatts|
|2001||4 March||Jann Arden, Baby Blue Soundcrew, Jully Black, Terri Clark, Choclair, Deborah Cox, Dream Warriors, Lara Fabian, Nelly Furtado, Ghetto Concept, Sarah Harmer, Maestro, Michie Mee, Snow, SoulDecision, The Guess Who, The Moffatts, Rascalz, Treble Charger, Barenaked Ladies (via satellite)|
|2002||14 April||Barenaked Ladies, Nelly Furtado, Great Big Sea, Diana Krall, Amanda Marshall, Alanis Morissette, Nickelback, Shaggy, Sum 41, Swollen Members|
|2003||6 April||Avril Lavigne, Blue Rodeo, Our Lady Peace, Remy Shand, Sam Roberts, Shania Twain, Swollen Members, Tom Cochrane|
|2004||4 April||Barenaked Ladies, Billy Talent, Blackie and the Rodeo Kings, Michael Bublé, Kathleen Edwards, Finger Eleven, Nelly Furtado, Ben Heppner, In Essence, Avril Lavigne, Aaron Lines, Sarah McLachlan, Nickelback, Simple Plan, Three Days Grace, Whitefish Jrs.|
|2005||3 April||Randy Bachman, Billy Talent, Burton Cummings, Feist, Fresh I.E., k-os, Chantal Kreviazuk, k.d lang, Kalan Porter, Nathan, Simple Plan, Sum 41, The Tragically Hip, The Wailin’ Jennys, The Waking Eyes|
|2006||6 April||Bedouin Soundclash, The Black Eyed Peas, Broken Social Scene, Bryan Adams, Buck 65, Coldplay, Divine Brown, Hedley, Massari, Michael Bublé. Nickelback|
|2007||1 April||Nelly Furtado, Alexisonfire, City and Colour, DJ Champion, Three Days Grace, Tragically Hip, k-os, Billy Talent, Gregory Charles|
|2008||6 April||Avril Lavigne, Feist, Finger Eleven, Hedley, Jully Black, Measha Brueggergosman, Paul Brandt, Aaron Lines, Shane Yellowbird, Johnny Reid, George Canyon, Gord Bamford, Anne Murray, Sarah Brightman, Jann Arden, Michael Bublé|
|2009||29 March||Nickelback, Divine Brown, Crystal Shawanda, Great Big Sea, Simple Plan, The Stills, Bryan Adams with Kathleen Edwards, Sam Roberts, City and Colour, ECCODEK, Sarah McLachlan, Serena Ryder, Hawksley Workman, Gord Downie|
|2010||18 April||Justin Bieber, Drake, Billy Talent, Blue Rodeo, Michael Bublé, Great Lake Swimmers, K'naan, Classified, Metric, Johnny Reid|
|2011||27 March||Arcade Fire, Broken Social Scene, Chromeo, Down With Webster, Hedley, Johnny Reid, Sarah McLachlan|
|2012||1 April||Blue Rodeo, City and Colour, deadmau5, Feist, Hey Rosetta!, Anjulie, Dallas Green, Sarah McLachlan and Jim Cuddy, K'Naan with Simple Plan|
|2013||21 April||Coachella, Carly Rae Jepsen, Michael Bublé, Serena Ryder, Billy Talent, The Sheepdogs, Hannah Georgas, Classified with David Myles|
|2014||30 March||Arcade Fire via pre-taped segment, Tegan and Sara, OneRepublic, Sarah McLachlan, The Sheepdogs with Matt Mays, Tim Hicks and Travis Good, Classified, Serena Ryder, Robin Thicke, Walk Off The Earth, Brett Kissel, Dean Brody, Gord Bamford|
|2015||15 March||Arkells, deadmau5, Hedley, Kiesza, Lights, Magic!, Shawn Mendes, Alanis Morissette, Sam Roberts Band|
|2016||3 April||Buffy Sainte-Marie, Lights, Alessia Cara, Bryan Adams, Coleman Hell, Dean Brody, Dear Rouge, Scott Helman, Shawn Hook, Shawn Mendes, The Weeknd, and Whitehorse|
|2017||2 April||Alessia Cara featuring Zedd, Arkells, A Tribe Called Red, Billy Talent, Bryan Adams, Dallas Smith, July Talk, Ruth B., Shawn Mendes, The Strumbellas, and Sarah McLachlan.|
|2018||25 March||Sarah Harmer, Kevin Hearn and City and Colour; Arkells, Daniel Caesar, Diana Krall with guest Michael Bublé, Felix Cartal, Jessie Reyez, Lights, Shawn Hook, The Jerry Cans, Arcade Fire, Northern Touch Allstars: Rascalz, Checkmate, Kardinal Offishall, Thrust and Choclair; Barenaked Ladies and Steven Page with original member Andy Creeggan joined by friends Jann Arden, Jim Cuddy, The Jerry Cans, City & Colour, Eric McCormack|
|2019||17 March||Arkells, Bahamas, NAV, Sarah McLachlan, Cœur de pirate and Loud, Corey Hart, Jeremy Dutcher with Blake Pouliot, Loud Luxury and The Reklaws.|
|2020||29 June||Alessia Cara, iskwē, Neon Dreams and The Dead South|
|2021||6 June||Justin Bieber, JP Saxe and Julia Michaels, Michie Mee, Maestro Fresh Wes, Kardinal Offishall, Jully Black, Nav, Jann Arden, Ali Gatie with Tate McRae, William Prince with Serena Ryder, Jessie Reyez, The Tragically Hip with Feist|
|2022||15 May||Arkells, Tesher, Lauren Spencer-Smith, Haviah Mighty, Charlotte Cardin, Mustafa, Avril Lavigne, DJ Shub & Snotty Nose Rez Kids, Deborah Cox, bbno$ and Arcade Fire|
|2023||13 March||Tate McRea, AP Dhillon, Tenille Townes, Alexisonfire, Aysanabee with Northern Cree, Bank & Ranx with Preston Pablo, Rêve, Jessie Reyez, Michie Mee, Dream Warriors, Choclair, TOBi and Nickelback|
The "General Field" are awards which are not restricted by music genre.
- The Artist of the Year award is presented to the best individual performer.
- The Album of the Year award is presented to the performer, featured artists, songwriter(s), and/or production team of a full album if other than the performer.
- The Single of the Year award award is presented to the songwriter(s) of a single song.
- The Breakthrough Artist of the Year and Breakthrough Group of the Year awards are presented to a promising breakthrough performer(s) who in the eligibility year releases the first recording that establishes their public identity (which is not necessarily their first proper release).
Other awards are given for performance and production in specific genres and for other contributions such as artwork and video. Special awards are also given for longer-lasting contributions to the music industry. Award names have changed through the years, most notably the switch in 2003 from the phrase "Best..." to " ... of the year".
Since 2015, Breakthrough Artist of the Year, Album of the Year, and Fan Choice Award are the only categories that are presented at every broadcast. The awards for Breakthrough Artist of the Year and Breakthrough Group of the Year are customarily presented by the Minister of Canadian Heritage.
Beginning with the 2016 ceremony, two new awards categories—Contemporary Roots Album of the Year and Traditional Roots Album of the Year—were introduced to "ensure two genres of music are not competing against each other in the same category".
Gospel/Contemporary Christian Music
- Classical Composition of the Year
- Classical Album of the Year – Solo
- Classical Album of the Year – Small Ensemble
- Classical Album of the Year – Large Ensemble
- Album Artwork of the Year
- MusiCounts Teacher of the Year
- Juno International Achievement Award - awarded from 1992 to 2000
- Juno Award for International Entertainer of the Year - awarded from 1989 to 1993
- Juno Award for Best Selling Single - awarded from 1975 to 1993
- Juno Award for Music DVD of the Year - awarded from 2004 to 2013 - discontinued in 2014
- Juno Award for Traditional Jazz Album of the Year - awarded from 1977 to 2014 - discontinued in 2015
- Juno Award for Roots & Traditional Album of the Year – Solo - awarded between 1989 and 2015
- Juno Award for Roots & Traditional Album of the Year – Group - awarded between 1989 and 2015
The Juno Awards have received criticism from several Canadian artists.
In 1998, the Rascalz album Cash Crop was nominated for Best Rap Recording. Due to Canadian hip hop's limited commercial notability, the rap award had never been presented during the main Juno ceremony, instead being relegated to the non-televised technical awards ceremony during the previous evening.
This fact had previously been criticized for creating a barrier to the commercial visibility of Canadian hip hop. Rascalz, however, alleged that racism was a factor in the award's disadvantageous scheduling, and became the first Canadian hip hop group to explicitly decline the award on that basis.
Their move sparked considerable media debate about the state of Canadian hip hop. As a result of the controversy, the Juno Awards moved the rap category to the main ceremony the following year.
Matthew Good has won four Juno Awards during his career, but has not attended the ceremonies in any of the years he won. In 2009, he criticized the awards for not promoting Canadian music at the grassroots level, saying, "When it ... isn't kind of this weekend when the Canadian music industry pretends that it's ... not just marketing warehouses for the United States, then sure, I'll be a part of it."
At the 2006 Juno Awards, Kardinal Offishall stated that he would not attend the Junos anymore. "I'm not going to be the Juno's monkey no more, I'm not coming back any more." Offishall cited Canadian hip-hop's low profile at that year's awards as the catalyst for his decision. Offishall further stated, "Really, to me it's really atrocious what they do to hip-hop in this country and what they do for the artists... I just feel like the token hip-hop artist from Canada. For urban music in this country, I mean, not only was hip-hop not televised, but also reggae and R&B; to me, it's sickening." Offishall also criticized the Juno Awards for having the American group The Black Eyed Peas perform at that year's ceremony. "I just had enough. They had me perform last night and give away the award — to me it's all a farce, I really can't put up with it anymore. It's not even that it's embarrassing, it's just disappointing. It doesn't matter what you do in this country, for me anyway, they don't recognize what I do. It's just a bunch of garbage so I won't be a part of it anymore." Despite this, Offishall performed at the 2021 and 2023 Juno Awards.
For several days prior to the weekend award presentations, events are held in the host city as part of a "Juno Week". Local venues host multiple events throughout the week. Events include: Juno Cup, an ice hockey game that pits a team of musicians against a team of National Hockey League players as a fundraiser for MusiCounts, a charitable music education program operated by CARAS, Juno Fan Fare, a meet and greet where fans can meet their favourite Canadian artists, Juno Songwriters' Circle, a chance for Canada's most talented songwriters to tell their stories and play an intimate set in support of MusiCounts, and JUNOfest, a music celebration that showcases local artists at various venues in the host city.
Launched in January 2013, Juno TV is a digital channel featuring original and archival content specific to the Juno Awards and its nominated artists and Canadian celebrities such as Alanis Morissette, The Weeknd, Lights, and Rush. Juno TV delivers new content weekly, presenting content on a year-round basis.
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